South Africa Nigeria Trade Agreement
Eritrea has not signed due to tensions with Ethiopia, but after the Eritrea-Ethiopia summit in 2018, the AU Commissioner for Trade and Industry expects Eritrea to sign the agreement.  On July 21, 2018, five other nations, including South Africa, signed the agreement. Initially, Benin, Botswana, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria and Zambia did not sign the agreement.  Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari was particularly reluctant when it harmed Nigerien entrepreneurship and Nigerian industry.  On July 7, 2019, Nigeria and Benin committed to signing free trade in Africa at the 12th Extraordinary Session of the Trade Union Assembly on ACFTA; Eritrea is the only nation among the 55 member States of the African Union that has not signed the agreement.    The 12. An extraordinary meeting of the African Union on the AfCFTA was convened to bring the new agreement into its operational phase, which was held in Niamey on 7 July 2019.   The general objectives of the Agreement are: The following institutions have been established to facilitate the implementation of the free trade area. . . .